Before coming to lab, read the lab handout and all course required reading in giancoli through chapter 25. The lessons in this chapter provide an overview of wave optics. The final experiment is tedious but teaches you about useful optical devices quarterwave plates and halfwave plates. The study of these phenomena lays the foundation for an understanding of such devices and concepts as interferometers. Questions from competitive examinations wave optics by kajal. Rays are the lines perpendicular to the wavefront, which show the direction of propagation of energy. All the distance measurements are done from pole of the.
New cartesian sign convention for spherical mirrors. In this module, we shift the emphasis from light rays to light wavesfrom geometrical optics to physical optics. What type of wavefront is obtained when a plane wave is reflected by a concave mirror. Covering basic concepts related to wave nature of light. Wave optics describes the connection between waves and rays of light. Description this power point presentation has the broad outline of my class on wave optics. A wave front is the locus of points having the same phase of oscillation. Optics is the branch of physics that studies the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it. This is disappointing since many optical wave forms do. According to wave theory of light, the light is a form of energy which travels through a medium in the form of transverse wave motion. Wave properties in general there are two types of waves. Take a 2meter length or so of optical fiberpreferably a largediameter plastic optical fiberand make perpendicular cuts at both the ends. Wavefront of a wave, at any instant, is defined as the locus of all the particles in the medium which are being disturbed at the same instant of time and are in the same phase of vibration.
Physics assignment help wave optics physics wave optics in physics, wave optics also known as physical optics, is the branch of optics which studies polarization, diffraction, interference and other phenomena for which the ray approximation of geometric optics is not valid. Ppt wave optics powerpoint presentation free to view. What is the shape of wavefront obtained from a point source at a i small distance ii large distance. Such idealized plane waves can be fairly well represented by a laser. Download revision notes for wave optics class 12 notes and score high in exams. The displacement or disturbances will add together superposition if at a point in the medium. Workshop tutorials for biological and environmental physics wr1b. Wave optics class 12 physics india science khan academy. Longitudal waves are those in which the displacement of the mediumor eld is in the direction of the wave.
Pdf this book was devoted to a discussion and study. Download wave optics class notes pdf free of cost from below and share the post. The purpose of this work is to study the potentialities in the phaseshifting realtime holographic interferometry using photorefractive crystals as the recording medium for waveoptics analysis. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Physics notes for class 12 chapter 10 wave optics wave optics describes the connection between waves and rays of light. When two waves of exactly same frequency coming from two coherent sources travels in a medium, in the same direction simultaneously then due to their superposition, at some points intensity of light is maximum while at some other points intensity is minimum. Aieee physics constructive and destructive interfrence by kajal. Allen institute wave optics class notes pdf for jee main. To explain some phenomena, such as interference and diffraction of light, it is necessary to go beyond geometrical optics.
Optics usually describes the behaviour of visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light. Ray optics is based on rectilinear propagation of light, and deals with mirrors, lenses, reflection, refraction, etc. It is interference that causes diffraction the bending of light around obstacles. Under what conditions a cylindrical wavefront is obtained. Which of the following is the correct formula for focal point calculation. Optics coatings catalog about us contact us new wave optics. Study of classical optics using fourier transforms, in which the wave is. Research selected among one of available topics or selfselected start early march weekly or so info meetings with project assistants oral presentation on weds. Wave optics the light is a form of electromagnetic wave radiation.
These are the wave optics class 12 notes prepared by team of expert teachers. The speed of light in a medium depends upon the nature of medium. Behaviour of wavefront in a mirror, lens and prism 7. He envisioned a wave crest advancing by imagining each point along the wave crest to be source point for small, circular, expanding wavelets, which. Details of the project will be announced in mid quarter. Only wave optics leads to the correct interpretation of such patterns.
A light ray from a source goes in a straight line through the air, but when it encounters a lens, prism, or mirror it bends or changes direction. The projects in optics education kit is a hands on, selfpaced tool for both teaching and learning the fundamentals of optics and photonics. Problems and solutions for sk2300 optical physics v. Superposition of two waves when two waves come together, what happens. But when light waves pass around small objects, such as a 100diameter human hair, or through small openings, such as a 50 pinhole, ray optics cannot account for the light patterns produced on a screen beyond these objects. When an object is placed in front of a plane mirror the image is. It contains a list of presentations which can be accessed through wiziq public content. It is an eminent branch which assumes great importance as a large number of questions in various. A ray of light is incident from air to glass of refractive index n and is found to be nearly plane polarised after reflection.
If youre seeing this message, it means were having trouble loading external resources on our website. The incident ray, normal and reflected ray all lie in the same plane. The final experiment is tedious but teaches you about useful optical devices quarter wave plates and half wave plates. In a plane wave, all points on the wavefront are in phase and oscillate together figure 22. Physics wave optics mcq translation in hindi, kannada. Haus optics by klein and furtak fundamentals of photonics by saleh and teich fundamentals of optics by jenkins and white. Waves and optics regular waves and optics worksheets and solutions wr1b. At any instant, a photograph of the surface would show circular rings on which the disturbance is maximum. The study of these phenomena lays the foundation for an.
Which travel in all directions with the velocity of light in the medium. Wave optics propagation, interference and diffraction of waves axel kuhn, oxford 2016 paul ewarts lecture notes and problem sets. Calculate the percentage change in the fringe width in the interference pattern. Then you come to the chapter on wave optics, and you are told that light travels as a wave, that it can bend around objects, it can diffract and interfere, etc. Questions in this class notes are solved in a very easy and simple manner using short. Pdf the optics project on the web webtop researchgate. In youngs double slit experiment, the separation between the two slits is doubled. The optics project on the web webtop is a webbased 3d interactive computer graphics system that simulates. Aberration not included in final exam, supplement pedrotti chapter 20, and for your study only very few optical systems give images that are free from all defects. Demonstration of light guidance through optical fibers. A dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field pdf. The light and matter series of introductory physics textbooks. Optics benjamin crowell book 5 in the light and matter series of introductory physics textbooks.
This project includes four independent experiments. Download cbse class 12th revision notes for chapter 10 wave optics in pdf format for free. Here we are providing allen institute wave optics class notes pdf for jee main 2018 exam. Wave optics physics assignment help, project help, physics help. Project an arbitrary polarization with ex and ey onto the fast and slow. Interference as a first example of interference, consider the situation shown in figure 22. Workshop tutorials for physics waves and optics activities 185 bent pencil apparatus transparent container of water, for example a glass beaker, pencil action the students observe the pencil through side of the container. Because light is an electromagnetic wave, other forms of electromagnetic. Wave optics this project includes four independent experiments. Wave front the locus of all those particles which are vibrating in the same phase at any instant is called. Wave front of a wave, at any instant, is defined as the locus of all the particles in the medium which are being disturbed at the same instant of time and are in the same phase of vibration. Optics notes massachusetts institute of technology. Goodman, 3rd edition mcgrawhill other recommended texts. These phenomena cannot be adequately explained with the ray optics used in chapters 35 and 36.
Here in chapter 37 and in the next chapter, we are concerned with wave optics or physical optics, the study of inter ference, diffraction, and polarization of light. Ray optics and optical instruments class 12 notes pdf download. Fortunately, certain defects can be tolerated in a particular application, if the produced images. Pdf wave optics analysis by phaseshifting realtime.
The purpose of this work is to study the potentialities in the phaseshifting realtime holographic interferometry using photorefractive crystals as the recording medium for wave optics analysis. The problems consist of old examination questions that have been selected to match the topic of each problem class. Aipmt neet physics wave optics mcq practice sample papers problems free pdf download with solution 2017 2018 subtopic. Then answer the bold numbered questions that appear throughout this lab handout. Wave optics deals with the study of various phenomenal behaviors of light like reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction, polarization etc. Wave optics class 12 notes physics mycbseguide cbse. Fiber optics is an exciting field, and the demonstration exercises that follow are sure to kindle ones interest in this fascinating area.489 335 1337 313 837 1576 863 276 1072 881 192 502 1380 149 512 1370 1518 346 413 273 245 1307 1430 572 199 1349 1434 128 347 492